To help member states in the development of the right responses as well as services based on evidence for drug use disorders, in 2009 the UNODC or United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime as well as the WHO or World Health Organization jointly made formed a Global Programme on Drug Dependence Treatment and Care. The main objective of the inter-agency programme is to distribute good practice-examples backed up by ethical principles and science in the field. This guarantees for drug dependent people equality quality of standards which are provided by the health system for all other chronic diseases.
The International Standards for Treatment of Drug Use Disorders were ready to support member states in the expansion as well as the development of addiction treatment services which offer ethical and effective treatment. The goal of Jade Recovery ‘s Denver addiction treatment & Drug Rehab center is to reverse the negative effects that continuing drug use disorders have on a person and to assist individuals reach a recovery from the disorder completely and help them to participate totally in society as a member of the community.
The UNODC-WHO International Standards for the Treatment of Drug Use Disorders sums up the currently available scientific evidence on the effective treatment interventions as well as approaches, and create a framework for the implementation that is aligned with principles of health care more comprehensively. In the past, UNODC and WHO developed Principles of Drug Dependence Treatment that comprise an umbrella of guidance and policy.
Principles and Standards for Treating Drug Use Disorders
Drug Use Disorders can be treated effectively with the use of a range of psychosocial and pharmacological interventions. The effectiveness of many of the interventions has been tested with the use of scientific methods developed for treating other medical disorders. In managing substance use disorders, the treatment goals are the reduction of drug use and cravings for drug use, the improvement of health, well-being and social functioning of the affected person and the prevention of future harms by decreasing the risk of relapse and complications.
A lot of interventions which are commonly used in managing the substance use disorders do not meet the accepted standards of medical efficacy. These interventions could be ineffective or even harmful or it could that the needed clinical trials might not be conducted and the effectiveness of the treatment is not known. In addition to the criteria already mentioned which all have a clinical effectiveness focus, treating substance use disorders must meet the common standards of all health care which are – to be consistent with UN Declaration of Human Rights as well as existing UN Conventions, to foster personal independence and finally to foster individual as well as societal safety.
The first principle is that treatment has to be available, attractive, accessible and appropriate. Another principle is that ethical standards of care have to be ensured in the addiction treatment services. The next principle is that promoting of drug use disorders through effective coordination between the criminal justice system as well as health and social services. Treatment must also be based on scientific evidence and respond to certain needs of individuals that have drug use disorders. Addiction treatment must also respond to the needs of certain populations. Addiction treatment should also ensure good clinical governance of treatment services as well as for programmes for drug use disorders. Treatment policies, procedures and services must support an integrated treatment approach as well as linkages to complementary services have to be constantly evaluated and monitored.
There are several interventions and modalities. One is community-based outreach. There is also a screening, brief interventions and referral treatment or SBIRT. Another type of intervention is short-term in-patient or residential treatment. One more type of addiction treatment is outpatient treatment. There is also long-term residential treatment. Recovery management is also another intervention method. In special populations, there is a treatment for pregnant women. A special form of treatment is also given to newborn infants who are passively exposed to opioids in utero. There is also a special method of addiction treatment for children and adolescents that have substance use disorders. Special cases are given to people with drug use disorders who are in contact with criminal justice system.
An effective national system created for the treatment of drug use disorders needs a coordinated as well as an integrated response of several actors in order to deliver policies and interventions based on evidence from science in several settings as well as targeting various groups during different stages regarding the seriousness of the drug use disorder. The public health system is best placed in taking the lead in providing effective treatment services for people who are affected by drug use disorders, often in close participation by social care services as well as other community services. Treatment services must be accessible, available, affordable, diversified and evidence-based.